|[15 SEP 98] GOSFORD
GREEN RESIDENTS ASSOCIATION PRESS RELEASE
Gosford Green Re-enactment
Sunday 27 September 1998
The Gosford Green
Residents Association are pleased to present a historical pageant to mark the 600th
anniversary of an event so momentous that it was recorded by William Shakespeare in his
play "Richard II" and affected the monarchies not only in England but across
King Richard II was the son of Edward the Black
Prince who lived in Cheylesmore Manor in Coventry. The Black Prince had several brothers
who included John of Gaunt who guided and tutored his 10 year old nephew, Richard, when he
became King in 1377.
That was a time of great turmoil in the country with Wat
Tyler leading the 'Peasants Revolt'.
Lionel of Antwerp, another of the Black Prince's brothers,
believed he was the rightful heir to the throne.
John of Gaunt's son (cousin to King Richard II) began to
covert the throne under the pretext of defending it from Lionel of Antwerp. This son was
Henry Bollingbroke, Duke of Hereford and Lancaster.
Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, who lived at Caludon
Castle, accused Henry Bollingbroke of treason. Henry demanded that he be tried by ordeal
of single combat (a duel) with Thomas to the death.
It was for this duel that King Richard II and his wife
Isabelle (daughter of Charles VI of France) came to Coventry. It is believed that they
made their camp on Ball Hill.
The battle field was chosen as Gosford Green and the two
knights presented themselves to the King ready for combat. The King realised that whoever
won the duel would still covert his crown and that a civil war was inevitable. Therefore
he stopped the duel taking place and decreed that both of the knights should be banished
from the kingdom, Thomas for life and Henry for six years.
The peace, however, was short lived as within the year
Henry returned to topple Richard from the throne and to crown himself King Henry IV of the
House of Lancaster. This act led the country into the War of the Roses. This war lasted
until 1485 when the hunchback King Richard III was killed at the Battle of Bosworth Field.
[This event has been supported by: Jaguar Cars plc, Peugeot
Motor Co plc, Elliotts Car Accessories Ltd, Astleys Ltd and McCranors (Chartered